In certain circumstances, we will invest alongside a select list of general partners well known to Top Tier in companies that need additional capital to foster growth. In these transactions, we invest directly in the securities of the portfolio company. This cost-effective strategy allows investors to put more money to work with top-performing general partners and into later-stage companies executing a growth stage business plan. Beyond our expertise in sourcing co-investment opportunities, we bring a unique ability to quickly and thoroughly evaluate these transactions. The Top Tier team has invested directly in portfolio companies across a full range of economic and credit cycles.